Science & Philosophy

Is there such a thing as 'absolute truth' ? What is 'truth' anyway? Science and philosophy both attempt to address these questions: science through the processes of observation,hypothesising, experimental testing, and peer review (and a fair amount of intuition!), and philosophy through the clear enunciation of axioms and assumptions and strict logical reasoning. The body of rational knowledge thus obtained, both science and philosophy insist, must be evidence-based and consistent, i.e. contain no self-contradictory elements.

Pragmatically there is always the need for the assessment of the accuracy of information and the 'truth' of the beliefs and ideologies that pour into our minds from politicians, the media and a host of profit driven organisations. Critical thinking is not common. It is demanding and many of us feel we have neither the time nor the inclination to engage in it. Consequently we are content to accept uncritically what we are told by various 'authorities'. Critical thinking means being especially critical of our own thinking and, unless we believe we are flawless at this, this should lead to a measure of humility and a generous open mind. These two virtues, i.e. critical thinking and open-mindedness, are not contradictory but the line between them is razor sharp. But walking that edge will surely lead closer to 'truth'.

Ultimately, this 'knowledge' is purely objective and science cannot answer the question: ' Who is the "subject" - the "knower"? ' Philosophy might help in clarifying any analysis of this deeper question but ultimately the 'truth' must be directly apprehended or 'tasted'. This is spirituality.

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Books & Articles (PDF format)

 

Mysticism and Logic and Other Essays Bertrand Russell

Mysticism and Logic is concerned with different ways of knowing, the ultimate nature of matter and the particular problems of philosophy. They reveal one of Russell's lifelong preoccupations: the disentanglement of what is subjective or intellectually cloudy from what is objective or capable of logical demonstration ...The New Statesman.

 

 

 

 
The World As I See It Albert Einstein

This book does not represent a complete collection of the articles, addresses, and pronouncements of Albert Einstein; it is a selection made with a definite object - namely, to give a picture of a man. To-day this man is being drawn, contrary to his own intention, into the whirlpool of political passions and contemporary history. As a result, Einstein is experiencing the fate that so many of the great men of history experienced: his character and opinions are being exhibited to the world in an utterly distorted form.

 

 

 
 

Embodied Artificial Intelligence Ron Christley

An analysis of the concept of embodiment in Artificial Intelligence. Must this be 'biological' or will any kind of substrate suffice?

 

 

 

 

     

Tractatus Logico Philosophicus Ludwig Wittgenstein

Wittgenstein's seminal work which attempted to 'map' the logical structure of language onto the logical structure of the world.

 

 

 

 

 

Nonduality - A Scientific Perspective Nonduality.com

The anonymous author of this e-book brings together nondualistic philosophy, quantum field theory, relativity, thermodynamics and complexity theory to provide a scientific basis for a contemporary spiritual life.

 

 

 

 
 

Links

The Richard Dawkins Foundation MISSION: Support the scientific education, critical thinking and evidence-based understanding of the natural world in the quest to overcome religious fundamentalism, superstition, intolerance and human suffering.

Henry P Stapp: Scientific Papers Free download of Henry P Stapp's scientific papers and other communications on Quantum Mechanics and Consciousness

Edge Edge Foundation, Inc., was established in 1988 as an outgrowth of a group known as The Reality Club. Its informal membership includes of some of the most interesting minds in the world...The mandate of Edge Foundation is to promote inquiry into and discussion of intellectual, philosophical, artistic, and literary issues, as well as to work for the intellectual and social achievement of society.

Philosophy Talk Philosophy Talk is a weekly, one-hour radio series produced by Ben Manilla. The hosts' down-to-earth and no-nonsense approach brings the richness of philosophic thought to everyday subjects.

Philosophy Online Philosophy Online is the work of Gareth Southwell, a philosopher, writer, and freelance illustrator...the site will provide an accessible introduction for anyone looking for a no-nonsense guide to the subject.

The Human Consciousness Project The Human Consciousness Project is an international consortium of multidisciplinary scientists and physicians who have joined forces to research the nature of consciousness and its relationship with the brain, as well as the neuronal processes that mediate and correspond to different facets of consciousness. The Human Consciousness Project will conduct the world’s first large-scale scientific study of what happens when we die and the relationship between mind and brain during clinical death. The diverse expertise of the team ranges from cardiac arrest, near-death experiences, and neuroscience to neuroimaging, critical care, emergency medicine, immunology, molecular biology, mental health, and psychiatry. (from website)

A Quantum View of the World. A short video with parapsychologist Dean Radin